Conservation Law Foundation

Archived Posts from this Category

CONNECTICUT RIVER ALERT: FERC deadline looms

Posted by on 24 Jan 2019 | Tagged as: Canada, Connecticut River ecosystem, Connecticut River Refuge, Connecticut River shortnose sturgeon, Conservation Law Foundation, Endangere Species Act, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Federal Recovery Plan, federal trust fish, FERC, FERC Commissioner Neil Chatterjee, FERC licensing process, First Light Hydro Generating Company, FirstLight, Greenfield Community Television, ISO New England, MA Division of Fish and Wildlife, Maura Healey, Natalie Blais, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, NMFS, Northfield Mountain, Northfield Mountain Pumped Storage Project, Paul Mark, Public Comment period, public trust, Rock Dam, shad, Treasury Board of Canada, Turners Falls dam, USFWS, Vermont, Vermont Yankee, Yankee Rowe Nuclear Plant

While federal fisheries stakeholders from the US Fish & Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service are shut out of the FERC relicensing process by the government shutdown, Canada-owned FirstLight Hydro Generating Company has maneuvered to split its assets on the Connecticut River. This is a slick move, and a punch in the gut to all that have been working in good faith on the understanding throughout–since 2012,that these long-co-run plants were to be covered by a single new license: per the power company’s standing, 5 year-old request.

Copy and paste link directly below to see a half hour on this suspect 12th hour maneuver, filmed for later airing on Greenfield Community Television.

NOTE: FERC has extended the COMMENT, PROTEST, and INTERVENTION deadline for Stakeholder to file Motions with them until February 8, 2019. Go back to www.karlmeyerwriting.com/blog and see second blog post following this on this one on how to submit at FERC.gov on Ecomments.

A Failure to Protect

Posted by on 02 Aug 2012 | Tagged as: American shad, Bellows Falls Fishway, Connecticut River, Connecticut River ecosystem, Conservation Law Foundation, Conte, endangerd shortnose sturgeon, federally-endangered shortnose sturgeon, FERC license, FirstLight, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Turners Falls dam, Turners Falls power canal, US Fish & Wildlife Service, US Geological Survey, US Geological Survey's Conte Fish Lab, USFWS

Copyright © 2012, by Karl Meyer      All Rights Reserved

The following essay appeared in July in the Vermont Digger (www.vtdigger.org); the Rutland Herald (www.rutlandherald.com), and other Valley venues.

A Failure to Protect

This Valley lost a lion of environmental defense when former Conservation Law Foundation Attorney and Antioch University Professor Alexandra Dawson of Hadley, MA died last December.  Quietly today, time grows desperately short for the ecosystem’s only federally-endangered migratory fish–the Connecticut River Shortnose sturgeon.  Alive since the dinosaurs, they arrived shortly after the glaciers left.  They are clinging to life by a thread–with perhaps 300 attempting to spawn annually in miserable conditions created in the 2-mile stretch of river below Turners Falls Dam.  NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service is responsible for protecting them; NMFS has known fully of those conditions since 2004.

FirstLight-GDF-Suez creates those conditions, right next to the US Fish & Wildlife’s Great Falls Discovery Center.  Yet the public is taught nothing of them.  Abandoned by federal agencies, the Shortnose is one industrial disaster or spill from extinction.  Your grandkids wouldn’t have been interested anyway…

But just in case, describe something that was a cross between a dinosaur, a catfish, and a shark.  At 3 – 4 feet long, Shortnose have bony plates instead of scales, with shark-like tails at one end, and suctioning, toothless mouths below cat-like feelers at the other.  They scarf down freshwater mussels whole; then grind them up in gizzards.  Shortnoses can live over 40 years: one alive today might’ve witnessed Richard Nixon signing the Endangered Species Act in 1973.  They had other priorities though, like survival.  But for how much longer?

Conditions most-imperiling the Shortnose are overwhelmingly the result of FirstLight-GDF-Suez’s floodgate manipulations and punishing water pulses sent to the riverbed and coursing down their two-mile long Turners Falls Power Canal via their dam, and operations at their giant 1,080 megawatt (now 1102 MW) Northfield Mountain Pumped Storage Station upstream.  Below the dam you won’t find anything like a river.  For a fish its manipulated chaos–a feast or famine flow regime run largely to maximize the day-trader profit margins of today’s deregulated energy spot-market.  And things may have just gotten worse.

FirstLight’s pumping and dam operations are the biggest disruptor to this ecosystem for a 7 mile stretch–affecting migratory fish restoration failures upstream to Bellows Falls, VT, and down to the Sound.  Instead of shad and other migrants moving up natural river habitat to the dam, they are funneled into a deathtrap: the turbine-riddled bottleneck of the Turners Falls Power Canal.  Barely one shad in ten emerges upstream alive–while crowded-in fish turning back out of that canal are diced-up in its blades.  US Conte Fish Lab researchers dubbed last year’s power canal shad passage a “success.”  FirstLight helped fund their study.  The dismal 16,000 shad they tallied mirrored “success” from 1987, a quarter century back.

And, if you are a spawning-age Shortnose wholly-dependent on spring riverbed flows resembling a natural system below that dam: you’re out of luck.  Annually, attempts at spawning fail in an ancient pool near Conte Lab.  Or, as conditions deteriorate, they default downstream to try spawning below the canal’s outflow.  Here again reproductive failure is common.  Dam-deflected surges deluge their gatherings; or flows get cut-off in minutes, causing mating-stage fish to abandon spawning.  Even when eggs get fertilized, embryos get silted-over or washed away by floodgate surges–or left to die on de-pauperized banks when flow is cut.  Most years no young are produced.  That’s extinction’s fast-track.

FirstLight’s Northfield Mountain offers tours of its 2 megawatt solar installation, but none to its reservoir and pumped-storage plant where, during fish migration in 2010, they dumped 45,000 cubic square yards of sludge directly in the river over 92 days.  This winter they quietly added 22 megawatts to those giant turbines: more than half all the power generated by HG&E’s Holyoke Dam.  This occurred despite their failure last July to have an EPA-mandated plan in place to prevent “polluting the navigable waters of the United States” with a mountain of pumped-storage silt.  Where are the public Federal Energy Regulatory Commission hearings on this license change?  Where is the Environmental Impact Assessment for endangered Shortnose sturgeon?

Northfield, dependent on nuclear power to pump its water, opened in 1970.  Its legally-stated purpose was as a “reserve” power source—to operate a few hours mornings and afternoons during peak energy use.  It can generate just 8-1/2 hours; then its reserve is depleted. Originally it was proposed they’d shut during fish migration.  Today, wildly outside its stated intent, those giant pumps are switched on like a coin-op laundry–day, night, with turnaround intervals of as little as 15 minutes.

Time is running out for the Shortnose; corporate fines for harming one start at $200,000. Our region’s electric capacity now exceeds 15% of demand.  Except for emergency power grid situations, why is this plant allowed to cripple an ecosystem?  Alexandra Dawson would surely cheer if her old Conservation Law colleagues sued National Marine Fisheries Service: for failure to protect a New England biological gem.

Environmental journalist Karl Meyer writes about the Connecticut River from Greenfield, MA and holds an MS in Environmental Science from Antioch University.